Juniper Knowledge Base

  • Assessing Damage and Restoring Trees After a Hurricane
    What Is The Urban Forest The urban forest includes all the trees in a comminity. Often trees are planted as individuals in urban environments. However, a healthy urban forest is best managed as an entire forest ecosystem...
  • Annual Selections
    Annuals should be changed on a quarterly basis to maintain optimal appearance Insure Irrigation is operating and set prior to installation Ins...
  • Covering plants during times of cold weather
    Handling freeze on our landscapes will vary. Each property (or home) is different may some structures provide protection from the freezing winds and provide radiant heat keeping plants warm during the drop in temperature while other sites seem to vir...
  • Crabgrass Management is Difficult!
    Some homeowners are getting that typical winter surprise…large brown areas in what they thought was a perfectly green and healthy stand of turf! When temperatures dip to around 40 degrees and lower some of the crabgrasses are browned out....
  • Crepe Myrtle Pruning
    Pruning is one of the most controversial aspects of maintaining crapemyrtle. Traditionally, many crapemyrtles were routinely topped, leaving large branch and stem stubs. This practice has been called "crape murder" because most people disl...
  • Ornamental Plant Susceptibility to Damage by Deer in Florida
    Deer have many qualities we admire and value. Deer also may become a nuisance when their feeding behaviors damageornamental plants and gardens and cause aggravation, inconvenience, and financial costs to property owners. As human dwe...
  • Dissolved Oxygen for Fish Production
    Dissolved oxygen (DO) refers to oxygen gas that is dissolved in water. Fish "breathe" oxygen just as land animals do. However, fish are able to absorb oxygen directly from the water into their bloodstream using gills, whereas land animals use lung...
  • Some simple ways to be green with your homes landscaping:
    Using Quality Fertilizer that use Water Insoluble Nitrogen (W-I-N). Water Insoluble Nitrogen is among the most leaching-resistant fertilizers made. Most St. Augustine lawns are grown on sandy soil.Therefore, soluble nitrogen from urea or ammonium ...
  • Fertilizer Basics
    Nitrogen (N), the first chemical listed, helps with plant growth above ground. Nitrogen does a great job of promotingthe green leafy growth of foliage, and provides the necessary ingredients to produce lush green lawns. Lawn fertilizerswi...
  • Fish Kills in Florida Freshwater Systems
    A fish kill is an event in which dead or dying fish are observed in a lake or waterbody. Some fish kill events involve small numbers of fish and others may involve hundreds, or even thousands of fish. There are many factors that can contribute to a f...
  • Ganoderma Butt Rot of Palms
    Ganoderma butt rot is a lethal disease of palms, both in the landscape and natural settings. While the disease is more prevalent in the southern half of the state, where palms are in greatest abundance, it is certainly not restricted to that area....
  • Texas Phoenix Palm Decline
    Texas Phoenix palm decline (TPPD) is a new disease in Florida. This disease is caused by an unculturable bacterium that has no cell wall—a phytoplasma. The TPPD phytoplasma is similar to, but genetically distinct from the phytoplasma...
  • Manage Yard Pests Responsibly
    Pest management in the home landscape once relied heavily on the use of chemicals. Today that is changing because of concerns for human health and environmental safety. Scientists now recommend using Integrated Pest Management(IPM), a strategy ...
  • Care and Maintenance of Landscape Palms in South Florida
    Palms make an important, unique contribution to the south Florida landscape. They are used as hedges, specimen plants, and clusters to provide beauty and architectural stature in landscapes (Figures 1-3). This publication provides an outl...
  • Bud Rot of Palm
    The most common bud rot pathogen in Florida is Phytophthora palmivora. Thielaviopsis paradoxa may cause this disease also. The first symptom is discoloration and wilting of the spear leaf and wilting/discoloration of the next youngest leaf. If severe...
  • Residential Irrigation System Rainfall Shutoff Devices
    Rain sensors—also called rain shut-off devices—are designed to interrupt the cycle of an automatic irrigation system controller when a specific amount of rainfall has occurred. They are small devices wired to the irrigation system control...
  • Right Plant, Right Place
    Achieving a natural, healthy balance in your landscape starts with putting the right plant in the right place. This encompasses far more than simply putting sun-loving plants in your yard’s sunny spots—you also need to consider things lik...
  • Control of Roof Rats in Fruit Trees
    This rat is the same species that carried the bubonic plague around the world and is also the reservoir host for murine typhus. Roof rats are the worst rodent pest in the state of Florida and most abundant. The Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus) that is ...
  • Salt-Tolerant Plants for Florida
    If you think that the state or Florida offers a wealth of plant material and good growing environment, you're right. But try gardening near or on the Atlantic and the Gulf coasts, and you may have problems. Winds carry salt spray inland, leaving salt...
  • Scentless Plant Bugs, Jadera sp. (Insecta: Hemiptera: Rhopalidae)
    Two species of Jadera are known from Florida, J. antica Walker and J. haematoloma (Herrich-Schaeffer), but only the latter species is common. When J. haematoloma appears in large colonies in yards and gardens, people become curious and/or alarmed and...
  • St. Augustinegrass for Florida Lawns
    Advantages St. Augustinegrass produces a green to blue-green dense turf that is well adapted to most soils and climatic regions in Florida. It has relatively good salt tolerance, and certain cultivars have better shade tol...
  • Texas Phoenix Palm Decline
    Introduction Until recently, lethal yellowing (LY) was the only palm disease in Florida caused by a phytoplasma. In late 2006, a second phytoplasma disease was identified in the coastal areas of Central Florida (from Saras...
  • Low Temperature Damage to Turf
    Injury to warm-season turfgrasses often occurs when temperatures drop below 20°F (-6.7°C). In general, major winter injury to turfgrass is caused by the following: 1) tissue desiccation, 2) direct low temperature kill, 3) diseases, and 4) ...