Texas Phoenix Palm Decline


Introduction

Until recently, lethal yellowing (LY) was the only palm disease in Florida caused by a phytoplasma. In late 2006, a second phytoplasma disease was identified in the coastal areas of Central Florida (from Sarasota to Tampa), affecting Phoenix (date) species. In early 2008, this second phytoplasma disease was confirmed as the cause of declining
Sabal palmetto (cabbage palm) in Hillsborough and Manatee counties.

The disease is known as Texas Phoenix palm decline because it was originally described in the southern coastal region of Texas on Phoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm).

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